How to feed a puppy?
Often in large offspring, puppies lag behind in development and are not adapted to life. They are born very small, weight and size do not reach the norm. And the bitch feeds only 6-7 puppies.
Every day, puppies should gain weight and height, which is the main indicator of good condition and development. And weight loss or its stability is an indicator of malnutrition, starvation, or illness in general.
If the lactating bitch does not have enough milk or poor development of puppies is observed, it is worth feeding litter. With good development of puppies, complementary foods should be introduced on day 10, and if the growth is slightly behind or a large number of puppies are introduced much earlier. Whole milk, not diluted, with the addition of sweet tea and eggs is best suited for feeding. After some time, you can add wheat bread and ground beef. On the 20th day, the minced meat should be replaced with chopped meat, add porridge cooked on the broth, fish fillet, cottage cheese, etc. When the puppies feed themselves and dispense with milk, for about 30 days, they can leave.
Puppy food from month to year
Together with food, the puppy must receive the necessary nutrients for growth and normal development. Attention should be paid to the variety of food, avoiding seasonings and spices that adversely affect the dog’s sense of smell. Food should not be too thick, but not too thin. The utensils for feeding should choose enameled, zinc and copper utensils are unacceptable in use.
It is not recommended to feed puppies who have reached the age of one month with minced meat. The stomach and intestines should work actively, and the minced meat is completely incapable of assimilating itself. Fish fillet, milk, raw eggs and carrots, cottage cheese, yogurt, porridge (rice, millet, oatmeal) – these products are perfectly absorbed by the puppy’s body. Bones should be given after food, only large and boiled ones should be chosen, birds are strictly prohibited.
How to feed puppies correctly? Fish oil is very useful for puppies, its dose can be from a few drops and up to 2-3 tablespoons per day. In case of indigestion, fat should be excluded from nutrition. Vitamin D and A are present in the oil solution. At each meal, the puppy needs to add calcium glycerophosphate, starting from half a tablet to two tablets. Already at seven months you can give 5-10 tablets. At the puppy’s bowl it is worth leaving charcoal and chalk, he will eat them with pleasure. A puppy’s body may also need some vitamins that it can get from beet, cabbage, or carrot tops. They should also be added to feed with finely chopped and scalded nettles.
A young puppy needs more protein feed. How much food is needed depends on the breed, age and appetite of the puppy. Some dog breeders advise: the norm of one puppy feeding in 1-2 months is 1 glass, in 2-4 months – 2 glasses – 1 liter, in 4-6 months – 1-1.5 liters, and in 6-11 months – 1.5-2 liters .
The bowl should be empty after feeding. With the remainder of the feed, the portion should be reduced, and vice versa – increased, especially with too long licking the bowl. The bowl with food needs to be cleaned. Invalid hand and spoon feeding. Feeding the dog near the dining table is also unacceptable. Teasing near a bowl is also impossible to improve appetite.
Leftover food should be completely eaten. Do not replace the constant food with something more delicious, because the puppy can completely refuse healthy food. Sometimes such nutrition leads to a lack of puppy appetite. In the summer, you need to leave water for the puppy, and in the winter, semi-liquid food replaces the need for it by 90 percent.