The standard commands that we give the dog are considered to be the most ordinary, non-service commands, such as “near”, “to me”, “lying”, “sitting”, “place”, etc. In the process of dog training, in no case should corporal punishment, rude shouts. This will lead to a violation of the psyche of the animal and will not bring the desired results, and in the future it threatens to turn into a serious problem.
The second rule: to train dogs in standard commands should be as soon as the puppy appeared in the house. At the age of about 2 months, the puppy may well learn the commands “place”, “to me” and “fu”, and by the age of 4 months “lie”, “sit”. After six months, when walks in the air are already possible, it will be easy to teach the dog the command “nearby”. The very first team, and the most important – “to me”.
The essence of the training is to fix the dog’s conditioned reflexes to certain sound combinations to which she reacts accordingly. In the process of training, you should stock up on a dog treat, as well as the necessary items – carrying sticks or now popular clickers, with which small dogs are trained today. You should immediately determine the dog’s place in the house, teach her to let you in the bowl while she eats. Patiently pronouncing the commands, demonstrating exactly what you want to receive from it, wait for each correctly performed action and give a treat.
A sharp jerking of the leash is unacceptable, as this movement can provoke stress and aggression in the dog. To accustom to the command “to me” follows repeated exercises, but short in time. Neither the dog nor its owner should experience fatigue during training. If the dog is small, then it is better to work with it, having a clicker. The click of the device is delivered singly so as not to tire the dog, according to the “command-click-treat” scheme. The voice by which the owner gives the command does not have to be harsh, loud and rude. But at the same time, commands must be given firmly. Treat in small portions for the correct actions performed. And giving encouragement should only be for an action that is performed on command. Many dogs, having understood the essence of what is happening, begin to sit down or do other tricks constantly in the hope of getting a treat. This cannot be done. When training, you need to gradually move from a simple action to a complex one. The dog immediately, from the first training, of course, does not sit down and does not lie down. You can give encouragement even for trying to lie down or sit down, so a reflex will be gradually developed, and the dog will gradually understand what the owner expects of it.